General Dentistry

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Tooth Decay Treatment

Tooth Cecay

Tooth decay is caused by acids on the surface of the enamel, which arise from the interaction of sugars in food and drink with bacteria in the plaque layer attached to the surface of the tooth.

Types of caries:

1- Tooth decay on the surface of the tooth
This affects the outer surface of the tooth and bacteria can stay for a long time, while acids attack the enamel layer often appears on the outer side of the tooth and this type can be prevented and treated easily unless it appears in the areas between the teeth.

2- Tooth decay
Tooth decay of this type attacks the gaps and concavities in the grinding teeth on the surface of the chewing part, and this type may develop rapidly if we do not care about oral and dental hygiene, or if we do not treat tooth decay immediately when it appears.

3- Tooth decay from the root of the tooth
Tooth decay of this type appears in the root area of the tooth and is mainly prevalent in people who suffer from receding gums

Symptoms of tooth decay

The initial symptoms of the development of dental caries differ from one case to another, and they are related to the degree of caries and its location. The caries in its beginning may not be accompanied by any symptoms or signs, but the more the caries intensifies, different symptoms may appear, including the following:

  • Slight or severe pain when eating hot or cold foods or sweetened drinks.
  • Dental holes that can be seen by the eye.
  • Pain when biting food.
  • The appearance of pus around the tooth.

Tooth decay treatment

Dental caries treatment depends on the degree of caries and the treatments

  • Fluoride therapy.
  • Composite fillings.
  • Treating the nerve of the tooth.
  • Putting a complete tooth covering used to restore and repair damaged teeth.
  • In some cases, we have to extract the tooth.

Tooth decay prevention

Maintaining regular oral and dental hygiene helps prevent tooth decay, including:

  • Brushing the teeth after eating or drinking.
  • Visit a dentist regularly at least every 6 months.
  • Examination of the possibility of filling the gaps between the teeth.
  • Refrain as much as possible from eating sweets and sugars that lead to tooth decay.
  • Eating foods that strengthen dental health.
  • Fluoride treatment.